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Museo Paleontologico Montevarchi verified

Montevarchi, Toscana, IT closed Visit museumarrow_right_alt

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Etruscan wolf
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Sabre - toothed tiger
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Etruscan bear
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Auvergne bear
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European hippopotamus
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Southern mammoth
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Late Pilocene Rhinoceros
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Urus
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Steppe bison
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Wild horse
Etruscan wolf
Sabre - toothed tiger
Etruscan bear
Auvergne bear
European hippopotamus
Southern mammoth
Late Pilocene Rhinoceros
Urus
Steppe bison
Wild horse

Other works on display

Description

The steppe bison represents the climate changes during the Pleistocene, that lead to cooling and drying of the environment and culminates in the so-called Ice Ages. This animal, found in the Upper Valdarno from the end of the Middle Pleistocene, originated in South Asia around the half of the Early Pleistocene. Similar to modern bison, with a shoulder height of about 2 meters and an estimated weight between 700 and 800 kilos, with horns as long as half a meter. The presence of thick hair, compared to modern bison, indicates an animal adapted to colder climates. Moreover, it fed predominantly on herbage in a steppe-like environment. This animal went extinct, like many other animals of that glacial period, at the end of Pleistocene in Europe and Asia and slightly later in North America, being replaced by the current species of bovids.

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