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Museo Paleontologico Montevarchi verified

Montevarchi, Toscana, IT closed Visit museumarrow_right_alt

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Etruscan wolf
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Sabre - toothed tiger
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Etruscan bear
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Auvergne bear
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European hippopotamus
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Southern mammoth
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Late Pilocene Rhinoceros
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Urus
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Steppe bison
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Wild horse
Etruscan wolf
Sabre - toothed tiger
Etruscan bear
Auvergne bear
European hippopotamus
Southern mammoth
Late Pilocene Rhinoceros
Urus
Steppe bison
Wild horse

Other works on display

Description

This big animal is one of the five species of extinct Proboscidae that we can find in the Upper Valdarno. It belongs to the Elephantidae family, it comes from Africa and is a distant relative of the famous woolly mammoth. It was a big animal, some subspecies could reach a shoulder height of about 4 meters and an estimated weight of 11 tonnes, comparable to the African bush elephant, the largest living terrestrial animal. The molars of this animal show the changes of the climate in Valdarno, from a hot and humid climate, with a landscape mainly characterised by forests, to a more arid climate, characterised by open spaces. Mammuthus meridionalis was a herbivore with a varying diet and fed on leaves, the bark of trees and short plants and grass, differently from the older Proboscidea like the Auvergne mastodon and the Borson mastodon.

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