partial skull and horns
The steppe bison represents the climate changes during the Pleistocene, that lead to cooling and drying of the environment and culminates in the so-called Ice Ages. This animal, found in the Upper Valdarno from the end of the Middle Pleistocene, originated in South Asia around the half of the Early Pleistocene. Similar to modern bison, with a shoulder height of about 2 meters and an estimated weight between 700 and 800 kilos, with horns as long as half a meter. The presence of thick hair, compared to modern bison, indicates an animal adapted to colder climates. Moreover, it fed predominantly on herbage in a steppe-like environment. This animal went extinct, like many other animals of that glacial period, at the end of Pleistocene in Europe and Asia and slightly later in North America, being replaced by the current species of bovids.