Corredo della lama del lingotto
VI - VII sec. d.C.
Gold, silver, amethyst
The kit comes from a rich burial belonging to a high-ranking Lombard woman discovered in 1910, during the excavation of a well in the courtyard of a "recently built" building in the suburb of Lingotto, then outside the city and still heavily ruralized. The exceptional funeral outfit consists of a pair of "basket" type gold earrings, with long mobile pendants and drops of amethyst, a chain necklace with gold links, a refined circular cloisonne brooch (fibula) with almandine-type garnets and colored glass pastes, which cannot be excluded as an older artefact (5th century), perhaps a heirloom found or handed down. Two prestigious “stirrup” fibulae in gilded silver decorated with niello, with animalistic weaves of Germanic taste that once had to be pinned to ribbons suspended from the belt, appear to be worn for a long time. This is demonstrated by the degree of wear of the surfaces, the loss of the knobs of the semicircular plates and the repair carried out in the ancient style, visible on the back of one of the two specimens. The gold foil cross, probably sewn to the funeral veil placed on the face, consisted of a major element and two minor ones (one missing). The decoration, printed using a rectangular molding, sees the intertwining of two animals with ribbon-like bodies knotted in the center and ending with a head with an eye on one side and a paw on the other. The symmetrical and harmonious zoomorphic intertwining (II Animalistic style) represents the most mature development phase that can be followed on the artifacts of Italian Lombard items: it does not seem to be prior to the end of the 6th century. The cross therefore constitutes the most recent finding of the trousseau, in line with the most widespread opinion, according to which the precious symbols were offers specially made for the funeral ceremony. Along with the precious jewels there is also "a hemispherical copper foil basin, well preserved, without ornaments, with a diameter of 0.31 m", of which trace has been lost and which does not seem recognizable in the bronze pottery of uncertain origin of the Turin Museum of Antiquities.