The Neapolis Archaeological Park
The Monumental Area of Neapolis extends for 240,000 square meters. It was born at the end of a complex restoration work begun in the middle of the last century which allowed the monuments to be freed from successive superimpositions and to enhance the surrounding landscape. The monumental part of the ancient city and a dense series of testimonies from various periods belong to it.
The ancient district of Neapolis housed the most famous monuments of the city: the Greek theater, datable, in its current appearance, to the third century. B.C. but existing since the second half of the fifth century. BC, the Roman amphitheater, of controversial dating, attributed by some to Augustus, by others to Septimius Severus, the altar of Hieron II, a grandiose altar for the public sacrifices of the city and the Via dei Sepolcri, deeply embedded in the rock and flanked by Byzantine hypogea.
The backdrop of this extraordinary complex of monuments is the scenographic arch of the quarries of Paradise and S. Venera: ancient stone quarries that still bear the signs of extraction and in which they open, in a luxuriant vegetation of orange and secular trees, suggestive and very large caves, including the Grotta dei Cordari and the Ear of Dionysus along the path that reaches a Roman columbarium known as the "tomb of Archimedes".