The Synagogue of Pesaroè long been regarded as Spanish or Sephardic rite andè believed that it was founded by exiles Semites came first in Ancona and, after the restrictions in July 1555, in Pesaro, where the communityà Jewish lived a period of peace, protected by Duke Guidobaldo II and Francesco Maria II Della Rovere.

Recent studies have found that the Sephardic synagogue was located in via the Schools but was demolished in 1957 becauseé unusable after the earthquake of 1930. In the same street (Schoolè synonymous with the synagogue) also found that the Italian Synagogueè survived to this day. L’ information is confirmed by the Gregorian Cadastre in which it is clearly indicated the two synagogues:“ the house for use by Spanish School” and“ Italian School with two shops for rent&rdquo ;. Built in the sixteenth century and transformed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, quest’ last is inserted into the urban fabric of the ghetto with no signs of particular distinction for security reasons.

In realityà ;, in via the Gourds there was also a’ other Synagogue&ndash of Italian rite; the più oldest of the three– which is closed to worship with the’ establishment of the ghetto (after the devolution of the Duchy of Urbino to the Church State) Becauseé He was outside his walls; will comeà demolished probably in halfà approximately nine hundred.

On simple façade that characterizes l’ exterior of the Synagogue, there are two doors: one più great for men and one più smaller for women. On the ground floor you can still memorize options admire the oven for baking of unleavened bread, the bath for purification baths and the well.


Ph. Credit:  Alessandro Giampaoli


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Via delle Scuole, 23
61121 Pesaro


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