The Museum, housed in the prestigious Palazzo Loffredo , presents to the public the results of important research conducted in central and northern Basilicata and, at the same time, is the showcase of the complex realityà archaeological area of a region thatè been privileged place of’ encounter between people of lineage and different culture. The Museumè on two floors in chronological and territorial criterion which offers visitors the archaeological context of’ entire region, from the previous stage to the Greek colonization until the Roman conquest, with a focus on the power of the territory. Particular attentionè reserved for findings of Vaglio, they come from rich grave goods, dating from the late sixth and halfà the fifth century BC The testimonies più significant concerning the occupation of the inner Basilicata during the fourth century BC by Lucani were returned from the shrine of Rossano of Vaglio: embossed plates, fragments of bronze statues, gold and silver jewelry, marble statues and terracotta are ex-più vote; precious, exhibited in the Museum with a particularly picturesque setting.
The Museum, located inside the castle Frederick Melfi, presents the important archaeological documentation found in the Vulture-Melfese. At the ageà Archaic date from the grave goods that returned Daunian refined ceramics with geometric decoration, bronze armor, precious silver ornaments, gold and amber as well asé vessels in production both Greek and Etruscan bronze.
The classical sectionè focused on extraordinary finds of IV-III century BC including Magna Greek ceramics with red figures and monumental polychrome decorative vases with applied figures, production Canosa, found a kitchen sink (the ancient Forentum). The Roman phaseè documented by a great marble sarcophagus from the second century A.D. with relief decoration, referable to Asia Minor workshops on the lid that presents the defunct "dormant" and on the side of the slabs and Roman heroes framed in niches.