Located within one of the most beautiful buildings in Rome, the sixteenth-century Palazzo Capodiferro, the Sword Gallery houses the important collection of baroque painting created during the seventeenth century by the Bernardino and Fabrizio Spada cardinals. The fineness of its art collection, which still appears on superimposed files as in a quadrelet of the seventeenth century, gives this place a unique charm, accentuated by its characteristic dimension of precious family collection.
In four original environments, works by famous artists are exhibited, such as Tiziano, Guido Reni or Artemisia Kindschi, together with the most articulated panoramic panoramic of the Italian seventeenth century, represented, for example, by the Guercino, from Pietro Testa called the Lucchesino or by Giovan Battista Gaulli , here witnessed through some of their highest achievements. In the rooms of the gallery it is also possible to retrace the history of the "genres" of painting, such as that of the portrait, expressed through the works of Bartolomeo Passerotti and Prospero Fontana, or that of the landscape, with works ranging from the end of the sixteenth century Until the beginning of the eighteenth century, including the niche names of the abbot, Dughet and Van Lint. Italian and European caravagesca painting is widely represented in the last hall of the museum, with absolute masterpieces of Orazio gentileschi and Michelangelo Cerquozzi and with a broad harvest ranging from Borgianni to Baglione, in Cavarozzi and Mattia Preti, as well as to all trends of European caravenism, like the French, expressed by Regnier, Tournier and Valentin de Boulogne, or the northern one of Van Laer and Van Somer.
A collection of archaeological works, arranged to the ancient on seventeenth-century wooden stools or on extraordinary carved and gold baroque wall tables, completes the collection.
At the end of the first floor museum route, we visit the secret garden, which preserves the most spectacular Baroque artifice in Rome, the illusionistic colonnata (or perspective) realized in 1653 by Francesco Borromini for the Cardinal Bernardino Sword.