L’ ancient Roman colony of“ Portus Lunae” It was founded in 177 BC at the mouth of the river Magra after fierce battles against the Ligurians for the conquest of territory. The cityà became a prosperous center and had very long life until the thirteenth century, when its decadence (the flooding of the river Magra modified the plane by moving a lot moreù forward the coast line) was mentioned by Dante Alighieri in the sixteenth canto of Paradise.
prosperityà Luni, due to the direct management of marble quarries - now called Carrara but which in Roman times was called“&rdquo Luni; - and to his business, he still recognizes the luxury of ancient mosaics of the domus, in the wall paintings and the majestyà public and religious buildings.
The cityà Luni, surrounded by walls and facing the sea, was organized in rectangular blocks elongated and had a’ large public area, the hole, in which intersected thistle and decumanus which are still partially passable. On the hole facing the Capitolium entitled to the triad capitolina Jupiter, Juno and Minerva; più north was instead located the Great Temple, dedicated to the worship of the goddess Luna. Concludes the way the visit to the extraordinary amphitheater età Imperial still it preserved in its main structures.