Necropoli Etrusca Di Crocifisso Del Tufo
The resortà It named after a sixteenth-century crucifix carved into the tufa and preserved in a chapel underneath the San Giovenale area. The first news of trovamenti in the area date from the late eighteenth century, but more informationù consistent refer to the years 1830-31, during the work on the Via Cassia Nuova. Intense searches occurred however in’ last third of the’ nineteenth century, when a part of the cemetery was expropriated by the state and made visitable. The search resumed in the sixties of last century. A key feature of the necropolisè its urban organization, with a regular plan and roads set of orthogonal axes. The planners of the necropolis would therefore proceeded to a division into lots of the’ area, probably related to a main road già existing or traced. Nell’ context of a general arrangement of the“ floor controller” They have been traced other roads that intersect with orthogonal axes, quite regular. The typical tombs of the necropolis, grouped into“ isolated&rdquo ;, are constituted by a rectangular plan rooms, mostlyù individual. The access door was closed by an internal tuff slab and by a lining of tuff blocks aligned with the outer walls of the grave; between the slab and the wall was a land fill. The slab usually laying on the third step leading down to’ entry and beats up against the third inner lintel. Given the limited width of the streets it is avoided that two inputs would face, to prevent a mutual hindrance, where two facing graves were open simultaneously. All’ interior of the tombs are built the docks for the deposition of the deceased, usually two: one along the bottom wall and along a side wall; is buried in the graves are buried that incinerated. Sull’ external lintel are engraved funerary inscriptions, which bear witness to the name of the owner of the tomb; they often have the formula of possession in accordance with whichè the tomb that speaks:“ I am of…&rdquo ;. Typical of the necropolisè the presence of a large number of inscriptions that testify forenames and noble of the ancient inhabitants of Orvieto. They are perhaps the testimony of Etruscan inscriptions età più archaic; consistent, referring to a’ unique communityà town.