Area Archeologica Di Carsulae
The ruins of the cityà Roman Carsulae are located a short distance from Terni and from Sangemini town, known for the presence of mineral water springs. The cityà born along the Via Flaminia and running it as a gathering of pre-Roman populations living in the hills and in the nearby countryside: the territory was in fact attended in a very intense già the average età Bronze, with settlements on strong positions, at the height of mountains that dominated the plains below and the natural lines of communication. L’ opening of the via Flaminia, drawn between 220 and 219 B.C., rappresent memorize options; a time of great development for the neighboring population, which they took as a reference point for the transformation and l’ evolution of their way of life. The trades that took place along the’ artery were stimulus to the transfer of the population towards the zones crossed by it; andè in all probabilityà at this stage that arose the center of Carsulae.The excavations, followed in a disorderly manner in the sixteenth century, and culminated with the intensive campaigns between 1951 and 1972, they have unearthed a large amountà monuments and building structures, as well as a series of inscriptions, from which we get the’ image of a rich town hall and politically active, whose inhabitants were governed by magistrates important and gathered in associations. site selection was dictated, as youè mentioned, by mainly economic reasons, linked to the presence of a large street along which communication took place traffics between Rome and l’ Adriatic and più generally towards the’ northern Italy; the then lie on the edge of a fertile plain allowed a profitable agriculture; the decadence of Carsulae and its abandonment were d’ other hand directly related to the loss of importance of the western branch of the Flaminia, the benefit of that for Interamna and Spoletium. Of republican planning phase, in the period coinciding with the’ opening of the road, remain limited traces recovered in the excavation of the substructures of the hole temples. The final urban layout dates back to memorize options to età Augustus, when the cityà He obtained the municipal constitution and was assigned to the tribeù Clustumina. The final decline of the site was determined– as well as by the displacement of the main route of the Flaminia towards the spoletina plain, and consequently from’ abandonment of branch“ Carsulae” - also by natural events of severe flow, including a strong telluric movement that provoc memorize options ;, between the’ another, the collapse of some sinkholes on which were set many public and private buildings and made an inhospitable site, già severely depleted. Carsulae notè mentioned as bishop's seat; l’ only Christian presence is the transformation of a Roman building in the church of San Damiano, home to a small convent of nuns.